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Book of John
Chapter 10

The Gospel of John for Youth
Commentary by Pastor Ron Beckham

John Chapter 10

(Words in red in the Scriptures are the words of Jesus)

Verse 1.  "Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter by the door into the fold of the sheep, but climbs up some other way, he is a thief and a robber."

There is only one way to God, and the Way is Jesus Christ.  If we try to be saved through good works, it is not enough.  We need Jesus, or we are like a “thief and a robber” in the sight of God.  He is good and He will save you and me.

Verse 2.  "But he who enters by the door is a shepherd of the sheep."

Jesus was talking to very religious people.  If you want to help other people find God, you must do it in a certain way.  We are to help people into the kingdom of God through the “Door”, if we want to be like a shepherd and help others.

Verse 3.  "To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out."

Jesus is truly the Good Shepherd who leads His sheep (His people) into a wonderful place.  He knows your name and you can trust that He will lead you safely.

Verse 4.  "When he puts forth all his own, he goes ahead of them, and the sheep follow him because they know his voice."

Wherever we go, Jesus has gone ahead of us, and He knows the way we are going.  You are safe because of Him, and you can follow Him.  He will reveal His “voice” to you, and He will bring you through.

Verse 5.  "A stranger they simply will not follow, but will flee from him, because they do not know the voice of strangers."

God’s people will not long follow someone who only pretends to be from God.  We need someone who loves us, and we can trust in Jesus, now and forever.  Others we may listen to; but we will follow Him.

Verse 6.  "This figure of speech Jesus spoke to them, but they did not understand what those things were which He had been saying to them."

The people of Israel were a nation of shepherds who had led sheep for centuries.  They should have understood the “parable” He was giving to them.  He was their Great Shepherd and they should have followed Him.

Verse 7.  "So Jesus said to them again, 'Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep."

Jesus saw they did not understand Him, and so He spoke more plainly.  He is both the Great Shepherd and the Door, through which we enter and find God.  There is no other way.

Verse 8.  "All who came before Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them.

There have been many people who have claimed to be someone special.  Those who trust in the Lord will not always follow them.  Sooner or later the “sheep” (you and me), will turn away from the “thieves and robbers” and follow Jesus.

Verse 9.  "I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.

This is so clear – Jesus Christ is the “Door” to God the Father.  If you want to find God, enter through Jesus.  You will be saved and find a better life than you ever dreamed.

Verse 10.  "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I came that they may have life, and have it abundantly.

There are people who pretend to care for you, but just want something from you.  Jesus came to earth to give you LIFE; wonderful life!  He wants you to be happy; to know the JOY of the Lord.

Verse 11.  "I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep.

Jesus proved that He loves you, because He loved you so much, that He died for you.  He gave His life so that you might live.  He is indeed the Good Shepherd.

Verse 12.  "He who is a hired hand, and not a shepherd, who is not the owner of the sheep, sees the wolf coming, and leaves the sheep and flees, and the wolf snatches them and scatters them.

When trouble comes, the fake “shepherd” will run away and not help you.  They are like wolves who are after the “sheep” for their own purposes.  Jesus Christ will never leave you or forsake you.  He loves you.

Verse 13.  "He flees because he is a hired hand and is not concerned about the sheep."

The One who really loves you is Jesus Christ, the Son of God.  There are others who want you to follow them, and if they know Jesus, they will share His love with you.  But some just don’t care about you at all.

Verse 14.  "I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me,"

Do you know Jesus?  He IS the Good Shepherd.  He knows you.  When you trust in Him, you will know Him, too.

Verse 15.  "even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep."

God the Father and God the Son, really KNOW one another.  And Jesus knew that He had come to earth to die for you and me.

Verse 16.  "I have other sheep, which are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will hear My voice; and they will become one flock with one shepherd."

Jesus was speaking to Jewish people.  The “other sheep” are the Gentiles (non-Jews).  He was to die for ALL people, everywhere.  All those who love Him are “one flock” and He is our Shepherd.

Verse 17.  "For this reason the Father loves Me, because I lay down My life so that I may take it again."

Jesus perfectly did what God the Father wanted, and what He wanted was that the Son would die for you and me.  Jesus gave up everything, but He trusted in the Father and knew He would come back to life again.

Verse 18.  "No one has taken it away from Me, but I lay it down on My own initiative. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This commandment I received from My Father."

When Jesus died on the cross, it was because He was saving us.  He died the death we should have died.  He was also able to Himself alive again.  He knew it because the Father had told Him so.  He TRUSTS in the Father and the Father trusts in Him.

Verse 19.  "A division occurred again among the Jews because of these words."

The Jewish people who were listening to Jesus, began to argue about what He was saying.

Verse 20.  "Many of them were saying, 'He has a demon and is insane. Why do you listen to Him?'"

Some of them were angry at Jesus, accusing Him of having a demon, and they said He was “crazy.”  They were annoyed that others were listening to Jesus.

Verse 21.  "Others were saying, 'These are not the sayings of one demon-possessed.  A demon cannot open the eyes of the blind, can he?'"

They had seen Jesus help people through many miracles.  He had given sight to the blind, for example.  They said: He has done wonderful things, and therefore, He must be wonderful.  And He is.

Verse 22.  "At that time the Feast of the Dedication took place at Jerusalem;”

The Feast of Dedication was also called the “Feast of Lights” and it lasted 8-days.  A group of Jews called the “Maccabees” had fought and won back the nation Israel, about 150 years before Jesus was on earth.  One of the things they did was devote (dedicate) the Jewish Temple to God.

Verse 23.  "It was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple in the portico of Solomon."

The Feast of Dedication or “Lights” (see verse 22) was in December, each year.  The “portico” or “porch” of King Solomon was a special part of the Temple which was to later become a meeting place for Christians (see Acts 3:11-12).

Verse 24.  "The Jews then gathered around Him, and were saying to Him, ‘How long will You keep us in suspense? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly.’”

The word “Christ” or (“Messiah”) means “anointed one.”  Jesus Christ is the special One, sent from God.  Jesus had been telling them who He was, but here they were, still asking Him, “Who are You?”  They did not want to understand.

Verse 25.  “Jesus answered them, ‘I told you, and you do not believe; the works that I do in My Father's name, these testify of Me.’”

Jesus had been telling them and showing them, that He is the Christ (the special One of God).  But they still did not understand.  The reason was because they did not believe.  To see what Jesus has done, is to understand that He is God.

Verse 26.  "But you do not believe because you are not of My sheep.

In these verses, we will see what it means to belong to Jesus and trust in Him.  He calls us, “My sheep”.  The Shepherd loves the sheep, and Jesus loves you and me.

Verse 27.  "My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me;

The words of these verses are from the voice of Jesus Christ.  We “hear” (read) them, and we understand they are His words.  Because of them, we say “Yes” to Jesus, and follow Him.  We know we are His, and He is ours.

Verse 28.  “and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand.

Jesus gives eternal LIFE to those who trust in Him.  We may seem to lose our life for awhile, but nobody can ever take us away from our Lord.  “Death” is just a doorway to eternal life.

Verse 29.  “My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father's hand.

God the Father has given us to Jesus Christ.  The Father is far greater than any person or being that could ever be.  No person, no creature, no one, can take you away from the hand of God the Father.

Verse 30.  “I and the Father are one.

Now we know more about Jesus.  He is God the Son, and He is One with God the Father.  They are one in love, one in purpose; one God.  People say, “If only I could see God…”  Trust in Him, and you will see Him with your heart.

Verse 31.  “The Jews picked up stones again to stone Him.”

The religious people who were listening to Jesus, picked up rocks and meant to throw them at Him.  They wanted to kill Him.

Verse 32.  “Jesus answered them, "I showed you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you stoning Me?’”

Jesus gave sight to the blind, hearing to the deaf; love to those who had nothing.  Those listening to Him, had stones in their hands and were going to hurt Him. Why would they harm Someone who had done them so much good?

Verse 33.  “The Jews answered Him, ‘For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy; and because You, being a man, make Yourself out to be God.’”

God the Son became a human baby, who grew into a man.  He was the Father’s gift to you and me.  Those listening to Jesus, accused Jesus of “blasphemy” (pretending to be God).  They liked it better when God was invisible to them and they wanted to kill Jesus. 

Verse 34.  “Jesus answered them, ‘Has it not been written in your Law, I said, you are gods'?"

Jesus is quoting Psalm 82:6, where it says of people, “You are gods.”  God is showing that some of His authority, His power, has been shared with all of us.  Our power to move, to speak, or to think – all is given from Him to you and me.

Verse 35.  "If he called them gods, to whom the word of God came (and the Scripture cannot be broken),"

The people listening to Jesus, had stones in their hands and they were ready to throw them at Him, because He said He is God (and He is God).  He was reminding them of Psalm 82:6, where it says that something of the power of God, is given to all people.

Verse 36.  "do you say of Him, whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, 'You are blaspheming,' because I said, 'I am the Son of God'?"

Jesus continued speaking to them: If Psalm 82:6 says that something of the power of God is given to all people, then why do you say I am a “blasphemer” (someone pretending to be God)? 

Verse 37 "If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me;”

The Lord did WONDERFUL works during His time here on earth.  He healed people of all kinds of sicknesses.  Those who had no hope were filled with love.  Those who had sinned were forgiven.  Look at what He did and believe in Him.

Verse 38.  "but if I do them, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, so that you may know and understand that the Father is in Me, and I in the Father."

Even if you don’t believe the words of Jesus, look at what He did, so that you may start to understand that God the Father is in Him, and He is in the Father.  They are One, and we should TRUST in Him.

Verse 39.  "Therefore they were seeking again to seize Him, and He eluded their grasp."

The religious people who were listening to Jesus, still had rocks in their hands and meant to throw them at Him.  But even though they wanted to kill Him, He easily walked away, unharmed.  No one could do anything to Him, until it was His time to die.

Verse 40.  "And He went away again beyond the Jordan to the place where John was first baptizing, and He was staying there."

Jesus very calmly walked away from those who had stones in their hands and meant to hurt Him.  He then crossed the Jordan River, to the place where John the Baptist had been, and stayed there for awhile.

Verse 41.  "Many came to Him and were saying, "While John performed no sign, yet everything John said about this man was true."

John the Baptist had helped many people, but he did not do “signs” like Jesus did (healing the sick, blind, and deaf).  Many had believed in John’s words, and John had said Jesus is the Christ (the Special One of God).

Verse 42.  "Many believed in Him there."

They did what we all should do – they BELIEVED in Jesus Christ and placed their TRUST in Him.  Let us do that, now:  Jesus, I believe in You.  I trust in You now.  Thank You, Lord, for saving me.  In Jesus Name.  Amen.

Ron Beckham, Pastor
Friday Study Ministries

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